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The article describes the activities of J.-E. Bernier, a Canadian polar explorer, aimed in the early 20th century at affirming Canada’s sovereignty over islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, including application of the «sector principle». It is concluded that the results of Bernier’s activities have up to now provided one of the historical foundations of the «Arctic sovereignty» of Canada.
Arctic, Canadian Arctic Archipelago, northwest passage, polar exploration, sovereignty, "sector principle"
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