The task of NAFTA re-negotiating was one of Donald Trump’s signature campaign promises, whereas the resulting United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA), in force since July 1, 2020, is his key legacy in the international trade policy.
As it is demonstrated by the rhetoric and first steps, the Biden’s administration largely intends to continue President Trump’s nationalist, protectionist and worker-centric trade policy that USMCA epitomizes. However, there are some apparent differences in style and tone between the two American administrations. The incoming Democratic administration is more inclined than the previous Republican one to provide strict enforcement of ecological, labor and other provisions and is seeking to amend the USMCA to require the three countries to abide by the terms of the Paris Climate Agreement.
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